The SEND Code of Practice 2015 lists 4 main areas of SEND
Communication and interaction
- Children and young people with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN)
- Children and young people with ASD, including Asperger’s Syndrome and Autism
Cognition and learning
- Moderate learning difficulties (MLD),
- Specific learning difficulties (SpLD). This encompasses a range of conditions such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and dyspraxia.
There are two additional types of learning difficulty:
- Severe learning difficulties (SLD)
- Profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD), where children are likely to have severe and complex learning difficulties as well as a physical disability or sensory impairment.
Usually these learners attend specialist schools, but occasionally they attend a mainstream school.
Social, emotional and mental health difficulties
This includes a wide range of social and emotional difficulties which manifest themselves in many ways:
- Becoming withdrawn or isolated,
- Displaying challenging, disruptive or disturbing behaviour.
- Mental health difficulties such as anxiety or depression, self-harming, substance misuse, eating disorders or physical symptoms that are medically unexplained.
- Attention deficit disorder(ADD), attention deficit hyperactive disorder(ADHD) or attachment disorder.
Sensory and physical needs
- Vision impairment (VI),
- Hearing impairment (HI)
- Multi-sensory impairment (MSI) which will require specialist support and/or equipment to access learning, or habilitation support.
- Physical disability (PD)
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